GGF 2030 Topics

Futures of Global Order

Global power structures are changing. Countries like Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, and South Africa have transformed into important poles of economic growth, technological innovation and political power. A new international development agenda is being spearheaded through the creation of new global financial institutions, including the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, boasting the support of nearly all major Asia-Pacific and European powers. Today Mumbai, Beijing, and Tokyo are among the world’s leading centers for innovation and venture capital, and China, Brazil, India are at the forefront of efforts to shift to renewable energy sources. In the security sphere, Russia’s annexation of Crimea and Chinese territorial claims challenge the principals, norms, and values that undergird the common rules observed by the post-1945 world order. At the same time, the West is accused of being arrogant and hypocritical – championing democracy, rule of law, and human rights, while at times acting from opposite positions in the international arena. Will these developments foster rival blocs with competing values and norms? Are we witnessing the creation of parallel world orders? How will this affect our common approach to international development and collective security? And how can we harness these developments in order to collectively combat global challenges?

Global Migration and Refugee Challenge

Global migration has reached an unprecedented scale. Millions of people cross borders every year in search of new opportunities, carrying with them enormous potential to contribute to economic development and foster global interconnectedness. However many migrants undertake perilous journeys only to be exploited or face deportation. Global refugee numbers are also continuously rising as civil wars and conflicts rage on. Climate induced disasters will further cause the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people. So far the response of national governments and the international community to these challenges has been fragmented and ineffectual. What would an effective system for governing global migration look like? Can we create a system for better distribution and regulation of refugee flows?


The Role of Cities in Global Governance

In the fight against global challenges we typically turn to politicians and diplomats for leadership. But cities, and their mayors and civil society groups, have emerged as players on the international stage. In the coming decades urban populations worldwide are set to double to more than six billion people, meaning that two in every three people on earth will be living in a city by 2050. In recent years, cities have become increasingly active in responding to pressing global challenges, especially in various fields of sustainable development, making up for national actors on the international stage. While cities and their inhabitants will be on the front line facing climate, energy, and environmental challenges, their future role in dealing with these challenges on a global level remains uncertain. Will we see cities carrying out sustainable development initiatives instead of national governments? What role will cities play in the future of global governance? What will cities, mayors and civil society groups need in order to jointly advocate and lead policy changes?

Learn more about the topics of the previous GGF rounds here